Tag: chakras

Guru-Free Guide to Nada Yoga, by Bennett Z. Kobb

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Sattelite dish, photo by Michael Josh VillanuevaThe Guru-Free Guide to Nada Yoga, by Bennett Z. KobbThe Guru-Free Guide to Nada Yoga: Sound Current Meditation for the Rest of Us, by Bennett Z. Kobb Bennett Z. Kobb, B00SSSZ49I, 36 pp., 2015If you already have an active meditative practice in place and are looking to branch out, The Guru-Free Guide to Nada Yoga: Sound Current Meditation for the Rest of Us is a great resource. What is nada yoga, or in common language, sound current meditation? Bennett Z. Kobb says, “The Sound Current has been called a signal from the Cosmos, the sound of silence, the Word, and the Audible Life Stream. It certainly seems to come from a distant power source, linked in some mysterious way to the energetic core of being.” In short, nada yoga is the act of learning to listen to those inner sounds. It’s just as simple as it sounds, but it has profound implications.Nada yoga divides sounds into two categories: ahata, or external music, and anahata, or internal music. Anahata is also the name for the heart chakra, which is said to receive the inner music. The perception of anahata, which is frequently heard as a ringing in the ears, similar to tinnitus, is a common side effect of rising kundalini, or the onset of enlightenment. Read More

Soul Centered Astrology, by Alan Oken

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Soul Centered Astrology: A Key to Your Expanding Self, by Alan Oken Ibis Press, 9780892541348, 410 pp., 1990, 2008Oken, an astrologer and lecturer for many years, believes that humanity is transiting into a New Age, and that there are "certain dynamics of human psychology and relationship that current trends in astrological interpretation and counseling no longer satisfy." As such, he puts forth to combine traditional astrology (or exoteric astrology in his language) with the teachings of the Theosophical Society, Alice Bailey, and the Ancient Wisdom Teachings.The premise has me in mixed opinions. Read More

Examining Astral Projection

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In working on a book on dreamwalking, I ran into some interesting puzzles concerning the technique of dreamwalking and its relationship with astral travel. The issues inspired me to embark on a comprehensive study of astral travel, which in turn demonstrated that many sources on astral travel diverge on key points about this ability. The following article attempts to resolve the conflicts in information regarding astral travel, then address the related issue of dreamwalking.

In my Psychic Energy Book, I explored the idea of chakras and all the conflicting information that exists about them. Many different traditions address the notion of these subtle body energy centres, but quite a few of them disagree on a number of salient points about them. Depending on which tradition you consult, you will learn differing opinions on the exact number of energy centres, their placement in the subtle body, or even their overall purpose in the mind-body-spirit complex.

In order to sort through all the conflicting information, I introduced a method of critical analysis to my readers. Critical analysis helps students and researchers develop the best interpretation possible of existing information, especially when much of that information disagrees. Critical analysis is especially useful when you are working with subjective reports, where each individual’s presentation of the facts can be influenced by personal expectations and perspective.

Astral projection is a technique that has a lot of conflicting information written about it. As we have seen in the previous chapter, not only do different writers seem to be presenting different techniques under the label of astral projection, others seem to confuse matters by inventing new words for the same technique. Before we can really address is issue of dreamwalking and astral projection, it is necessary to review all the information at hand and develop a working definition of astral projection. As part of that task, we need to figure out why there is so much confusion in the first place.

With all of this in mind, let us turn back to the problem of astral projection. When we look at the conflicting information we have about this magickal technique, there are a few key points we must consider:

  • Perception: People’s perceptions are different, and therefore they will report similar experiences in vastly dissimilar ways
  • Technique: Magick directs the Will using symbols and symbolic actions as a focus, and each person’s symbol set is different
  • Experience: Differing situations and skill levels can have a distinct impact on the end result of any technique
  • Language: Magick has no standardized language; terms and definitions often vary from system to system – sometimes wilfully so
  • Worldview: Historically, we have failed to agree on the nature and definition of any non-physical aspect of the self – or even the existence of a “soul”

Can we explain the differences in reports and interpretations about astral projection in terms of perception, technique, experience, language, and worldview? First we have to consider what all of the reports have in common. The common ground is a sense that some non-physical aspect of self can be extended beyond the limits of the physical body. This extension of self is distinct from telepathy, because instead of just thoughts and images, an actual point of consciousness and perceptual perspective is projected beyond the physical body. This non-physical projection then travels beyond the body, sometimes simply into the room also occupied by the body, and sometimes to more exotic locations still.

At the very core, this is what is meant by the term “astral projection.” It is the essence that is held in common throughout all the techniques explored in the previous chapter. From this simple foundation, however, details of astral projection – including the terms some use to describe it – diverge.

Aside from conflicts in terminology, there are two major points where many of the reports seem to disagree. The first involves the precise nature of this proposed non-physical aspect of self. Some systems, as we have seen, believe it has a form of its own. Others allow for no form, just a disembodied point of perception. Several other systems fall somewhere in between. The secondary issue, no less important than the first, involves a matter of direction. Once this non-physical aspect of self moves past the bounds of the physical body, where else is it able to travel? Some systems limit it to what amounts to the energetic echo of the physical world – what I call the subtle reality. Other systems, from the Golden Dawn to modern shamanism, seem to accept endless possibilities that involve strange, new worlds, different planes of existence, and even internal landscapes.

Lokas and Body Memories

Given our five criteria of perception, technique, experience, language, and worldview, can we develop an explanation for the disparity in both what is being projected and where that “something” ultimately projects?

We’ve talked a lot on why individual perceptions vary, and so I think this will be the easiest difference to address. If, on a basic level, our perceptions vary from person to person, it should come as no surprise that different individuals report different perceptions of the projection experience. In this respect, the perception of a second body may be precisely that: an individual perception, dictated by individual differences in approaching the world. It is not impossible for someone to report the impression of a second body even when nothing is actually there, particularly if that individual expected to possess a second body during the projection experience. Expectations can influence our perceptions. Similarly, a projector who does not report the presence of a second body may simply have overlooked it. If we consider the often dire circumstances under which spontaneous out of body experiences occur, it’s not entirely unfair to suggest that an OBE experiencer’s attention might be focused on other things.

Our first criterion, then, can tell us why different people report different experiences in regards to the secondary body. However, knowing how radically individual perceptions can diverge, this does not allow us to judge the objective reality of any of these reports.

As far as where an individual projects, the difference in perceptions is minimal enough that we can draw some solid conclusions about the objective reality those perceptions encompass. While individual perception may influence how a particular locale is described, it seems to have much less of an impact on the actual journey itself. Once they had achieved projection, both Monroe and Muldoon described nearly identical experiences with the physical world around them. Significantly, records in the literature on OBEs contain countless similar accounts. Although the sense of an actual second body will vary, the way in which the projected individual interacts with physical reality remains almost precisely the same.

The ability to move merely by thinking it is a detail recounted in event after event. Individuals travel through physical reality by focusing on a location or person, and then suddenly finding themselves there. Variations in individual perception seem only to come into play when the experiencer attempts to describe exactly how this miraculous method of travel is achieved. Some hover, some levitate, some fly, some feel as if they walk to the target location, but each step covers hundreds of miles, as if they were wearing a spiritual version of thousand league boots. It’s easy to see that all of these different descriptions add up to more or less the same thing: non-physical travel happens rapidly and with little more than a thought.

For individuals who report the ability to travel to exotic, distant planes, the method of travel also remains consistent. The projector focuses on the desired destination, and somehow, usually with a perception of rapid flight, the distance is closed. Interestingly, an identical description of travel between realities occurs in an ancient and well-respected text: the Tibetan Book of the Dead. The text describes what it is like to be a spirit, explaining that an individual who has achieved this state of being will be able to:

“move hither and thither everywhere, through walls, houses, land, rocks, and earth…In a split second, you can circle this four-continent planet with its axial mountain. You now have the power just to think about any place you wish and you will arrive there in that very instant. You can reach anywhere and return just as a normal man stretches out and pulls back his arm.”
(Thurman, 169-170)

According to the Tibetan system there are many layers of reality all stacked on top of one another, and if differences in language and other matters of individual perception are taken into account, these different layers of reality, called lokas, sound very much like the various locations occultist describe as part of the astral plane. These contiguous yet separate locations also sound like the various worlds one can visit by mastering the arts of shamanism.

The distinct similarities between reports of these locations in the literature of astral projection, OBEs, and even Tibetan Buddhism and shamanism strongly suggest that there is an objective reality behind the subjective perceptions. Still, some people seem unable to access these exotic levels of reality. If we must account for the different reports of projection locations, we will have to turn from the issue of perception to one of technique.

Technique and Experience

Certainly the disparity in reports about the presence – or lack of – a second body is influenced by the natural differences between individual perceptions. Because one person might impose the perception of a second body on their experience while another just as easily might not even consider this body worthy of note, we cannot say for sure, based purely on issues of perception, whether or not a second body really is involved in astral projection. However, the presence or absence of a second body may very easily be a matter of individual technique. One of the truths about magick and psychic experience is that there are almost as many ways to achieve certain effects as there are individuals who practice them.

Rather than concluding that people simply report their experiences differently, what if we consider that there is more than one method for achieving more or less the same thing? Our basis for astral projection is the projection of some non-physical aspect of self. What if it is possible both to project this into a second body of energy and, under different circumstances or with a different set of skills, also achieve the same manner of projection without the medium of an energy body? This can very neatly explain why some very reliable writers relate an experience that involves the separation of a second body while others seem to circumvent this step entirely.

Technique can also account for the difference in “where” an individual projector can travel. Individuals who are trained in the traditions of the Golden Dawn or Madame Blavatsky are taught that it is possible to travel to more than just this ordinary world. The techniques these individuals learn involve methods for projecting farther than just one’s bedroom. Sylvan Muldoon and Robert Monroe both hit upon their abilities to astrally project by accident. They had no formal magickal training, and therefore they were never taught that it was possible to journey further than just this level of reality. Considering this, it is significant that Monroe eventually did learn how to travel to “otherworldly” locations. Monroe doggedly experimented with his abilities, pushing himself to expand both his understanding and his control, and so refined his technique over time.

Just as technique can impact the exact expression of astral projection, so does the individual experience itself. There are both internal and external factors, many of which can change from instance to instance, that will inevitably influence the way in which a learned technique works. These variables can include, but are not limited to, environmental issues, a shift in mindset, a change in personal or local energy, or distractions that interrupt the exercise. In addition to the influence of environmental factors, there is the fact that each person’s skill level is different. A beginner is likely to achieve a different result than a more advanced student, and someone who’s had practice may even be able to overcome certain environmental issues with enough effort and focus.

If we consider the possible influence of environmental factors and individual expertise, we can see that both the manifestation of a non-physical aspect of self and the ultimate destination of this self could easily be impacted by such variables. Certain influences from the environment might make the projection of a perceptible second body much easier to achieve. The calm quiet of a bedroom is likely to be more conducive to a full projection, complete with a perceptible second body, whereas the chaos of an emergency room may demand too much attention for an individual to achieve much more than a dim shadow of this extension of self.

As for the actual location of travel, internal and external factors at work in each experience will also have an impact on how that experience ultimately manifests. External factors like location, the degree of distractions, and ambient energy may very easily make it harder to project over increasing distances. Internal factors such as expertise will also come into play. If there is any kind of quantifiable “distance” between the subtle reality and the exotic worlds of the so-called astral plane, it only makes sense that a more advanced practitioner would find it easier to traverse this distance. A beginner might be limited to what amounts to astral baby-steps, wandering around his or her room or projecting only to known locations.

Language and Worldview

We have already established that due to individual differences, people tend to describe similar experiences in different terms. Our criterion of language, then, will inevitably have ties to individual variations in perception. Perception is the internal way in which we process a particular experience. Language, then, is the way in which we attempt to communicate that experience to the world.

The first thing we must consider with language is how much a person’s unique way of thinking will influence the way in which an experience is described. A person with a very visual nature is likely to astrally project and return with vivid descriptions of what was seen on the journey. The language that presents such a description will focus on things like visual imagery, light, shape, and colour. Someone who has a more emotional intelligence is going to return and describe the experience in terms of how it felt. The language this particular person is likely to report in will involve feelings, impressions, and sensations.

The different descriptors an individual chooses to report an experience in are the least complicated aspect of language we need to consider. Another issue in the arena of language is the use and development of lingo. Every specialized area of human endeavor inevitably develops its own particular language. If you sit a computer programmer down with a linguistic specialist and add a molecular biologist into the mix, then ask them all to talk about their respective jobs, it will sound as if each person is speaking a completely different tongue. Language is something that evolves and mutates as we use it, and the more specialized the use, the more specialized the language can become.

Consider the development of slang, how certain expressions are regional, and how time will alter the list of “in” words. Even within our private social circles, the mutation of language can be tracked through the development of inside jokes and figures of speech. Many of these, given enough time, will reduce themselves down to one or two word statements that only those in the know will understand.

The magickal subcultures are no different. Although Pagans, Wiccans, vampires, occultists, and chaos magicians all practice “magick,” their terms and particular expressions regarding this practice can vary widely from group to group. This problem of language becomes even more pronounced when you move to traditions that prefer the concept of psychic abilities over the use of the term “magick.” New Agers, lightworkers, paranormalists, and even ghost hunters often refer to techniques and experiences that are identical to things experienced within the magickal communities – and yet the language is so different that an outsider would rightfully conclude that they are talking about radically different things.

To some extent, this gulf in language and terminology results simply from the different perspectives of these communities, but some of the variances in terms are very intentional. Many of the New Agers I’ve met are leery of Pagans and Wiccans and any practice that might fall under the label of “witchcraft.” Therefore, in my experience, they are very quick to draw lines of distinction between their psychic techniques and so-called “magick.” Even when the techniques are essentially the same, different terms exist to maintain the lines of identity between ideologically distinct groups. This function is at work in the conflicting terminologies applied to various techniques of projection. “Out of body experience” is a term many psychics and parapsychologists find more palatable. It has a slightly more clinical and less esoteric sound than “astral projection.” Those with an even more distinctly expressed scientific approach are likely to prefer the term “remote viewing.” Occultists, of course, are more likely to use “astral projection” because this is the term that the technique has been presented under in the writings of foundational occultists such as Fortune, Blavatsky, and the Golden Dawn.

If you are “in the know,” then you understand that all of these terms describe similar, if not identical, techniques. For someone coming into these communities from the outside, without the benefit of that inside understanding, it is only natural to take the definitions presented at face value, thus concluding that each term describes a separate and distinct technique. And yet different systems have their own pet terms. New writers often enjoy making up their own terms to set their teachings apart as something unique, or, like Robert Monroe, they create a new language to describe their experiences because they simply had no background in what had been established before.

The mutation of language and terminology is also sometimes intentionally harnessed to confuse, or to allow a group or individual to stake a kind of intellectual claim on a technique. Occultist Aleister Crowley decided that he was going to spell “magick” with a “k” to distinguish his practices from the magic of prestidigitation and sleight of hand. Although this was a completely arbitrary move, enough time has passed that the affectation has passed into common usage. As I’m sure you’ve noticed, I employ Crowley’s spelling myself.

This intentional mutation of language is still at work within the modern magickal subcultures. In the vampire community, for example, it has been the practice of some individuals to distinguish between “vampire” and “vampyre.” The lines of demarcation between these two terms are entirely artificial. Someone decided that “vampyre” should be used to distinguish between people who believe themselves to be real vampires, and that “vampire” should be left for creatures of myth, folklore, and fiction. Possibly taking this affectation for inspiration, I have now encountered several individuals who make a distinction between a psi vampire and a psy vampire. Apparently, the difference is that one feeds on psi energy, also known as prana or chi, while the other is a vampire who happens to be psychic.

My mind boggled when I encountered this latest permutation, because if one has the ability to feed upon and therefore sense psi energy, then one also happens to fit the qualifications of being psychic. There is no difference between these two terms save one that has been constructed by exchanging a “y” for an “i.” Somewhere, someone felt the need to establish a special distinction to set him or herself apart, and now we have terms circulating on the Internet that will do nothing more than confuse newcomers and create more lines of definition than are logically necessary. And, if Crowley is any indication, given enough time, these new words, however artificial, may nevertheless establish themselves as separate, recognized terms.

It is through the evolution of language, the development of lingo, and the arbitrary creation of redundant terms that we have ended up with some of the confusion between bilocation, astral projection, remote viewing, out of body experience, and even shamanic journeying. Although there are shades of difference between all of these, each term essentially describes the same thing. This can be a major source of confusion, and given enough time, the original meanings can become lost or blurred.

As we saw with New Agers who prefer “psychic” over “magick” because types of witchcraft have negative connotations to them, worldview plays a role in the confusion as well. Both the “what” and the “where” of astral projection are predicated on fairly profound spiritual concepts. First, the idea that we can project some non-physical aspect of the self relies heavily on the notion that there is more to us and our world than ordinary, physical reality. The idea that there is a subtle reality, an energetic echo of our physical world, that we might be able to interact with, is radical enough to many modern thinkers. Positing the existence of other worlds, other planes of existence requires a serious expansion of the average person’s worldview.

The question of whether or not the physical world is the only reality takes us into speculative territory often reserved only for world religions. We swim even deeper into the waters of religious belief when we contemplate the possibility of a second, non-physical body. There is not getting around the fact that the idea of a second body is intricately connected to the belief in a soul. Historically, humanity has been unable to agree on whether or not we even have souls, and when we accept that we do, the nature of that soul is hotly disputed. Traditional Western thinking allows that humans have one soul, and this survives the death of the physical body. And yet the Chinese allow for several different types of soul. Each of these, like the hun, performs different functions for the individual. The ancient Egyptians also had a composite vision of the soul, and these different non-physical aspects of self were so distinct that several of them went to different places in the afterlife.

So our final stumbling block in the issue of astral projection – and just about any other magickal technique – is the issue of belief. Our individual worldviews have a profound impact on what we are willing to accept and what we are driven to deny in our experiences. Belief not only has a powerful impact on how we expect reality to function, but it also helps to dictate the symbols and even the methods we might use to achieve certain techniques. A Kemetic Orthodox practitioner who attempts astral projection will very naturally focus on sending forth his or her ka, or body double, in keeping with ancient Egyptian beliefs. A fundamentalist Christian may have trouble accepting that he or she even had an out of body experience, because only God can call the soul from the body. Given sufficient belief in a particular worldview, it is not uncommon for an individual to completely discount or re-interpret certain experiences in order to fit them more neatly into that worldview.

In the end, we can conclude that there are vast differences in individual language, interpretation, perspective, and technique that impact how astral projection and its related practices are presented. Individual beliefs can also shape how we choose to approach a technique as well as how we choose to interpret the experiences resulting from that technique. After covering all of this ground, and it has been extensive, I think we can draw a few conclusions about the nature of astral projection:

  • During projection, some aspect of consciousness is projected beyond the limits of the physical body
  • Circumstances and individual technique determine whether or not projection involves the manifestation of a second, energetic body
  • Travel in the subtle reality or near-astral is common and may be seen as the easiest “place” to reach with projection
  • Some individuals seem to possess the ability to journey beyond this first “layer” of reality to very different realms
  • Practice often allows individuals to develop the ability to extend the range of the journeys
  • Projection has been practiced under a variety of terms. Some differences in terminology are arbitrary. Others attempt to encompass differences in either destination or technique

If these are the qualities of astral projection, how does dreamwalking measure up? Dreamwalking is a technique that bears much in common with astral projection – including some puzzling conflicts in how each individual experiences the technique. As we saw with astral projection, arriving at solid answers is not always easy, but the process of analysis provides a deeper understanding of what’s involved.

Dreamwalking and Astral Projection

In the early nineties, when I was writing out my first notes for the Codex, I made certain to distinguish dreamwalking from astral projection. As far as I understood the two techniques, they were very different from one another. The obvious distinction, of course, was one of destination. Astral projection involved projecting a second body to traverse the astral plane. Dreamwalking had nothing to do with astral journeys: it aimed at projecting into another person’s dreams. The very term “astral travel” seemed to separate the two techniques. Astral projection is all about going somewhere. The journey itself is often both the goal and the reward. Dreamwalking, on the other hand, uses the medium of dreams to achieve another purpose: contact and interaction with people. The whole point of dreamwalking, especially from the perspective of a psychic vampire, is to reach out to another human being and interact with them on a non-physical level that is nevertheless real.

When I was first writing the Codex and outlining the technique, there was another detail that I felt distinguished dreamwalking from astral projection. At no point during the set-up phase, where a dreamwalker reaches out to make contact with the target person, is there a sense of creating or separating a second body. Dreamwalking does not feel like any kind of travel. It feels like you are stretching a part of yourself out to connect with another being. Place and distance are not considerations in this activity. The focus and the goal is the other person. Everything else involved in the technique is peripheral.

At this point, I feel that we can define dreamwalking as separate from both telepathy and astral projection. It differs from telepathic communication in that there is a distinct sense of direct interaction between the individuals involved in a dreamwalk. This connects it in concept to astral projection, because some non-physical aspect of self is extended to that other person in order to accomplish this direct interaction. And yet the focus, destination, and some aspects of the method separate dreamwalking from astral projection.

Dreamwalking shares some common ground with both astral projection and telepathy. Like telepathy, dreamwalking seeks to reach out over distances in order to convey messages to another person. Like astral projection, dreamwalking extends a non-physical portion of the self in order to do this. Although there can at times be crossover, such as dreamwalking leading into astral projection, dreamwalking remains distinct from both of these other techniques. We can define dreamwalking as separate and distinct because:

  • It uses another person as both a focus and a destination
  • It connects to the target through the medium of the dreamspace
  • It does not involve the projection of a second body during the set-up phase

These are the qualities that distinguish dreamwalking from astral projection. This is not to say that the two techniques are not related. They are actually related in ways that sometimes still surprise me.


Note: This selection originally appeared as Chapter Five in Psychic Dreamwalking but was cut from the final edition of the book for considerations of space.

Exploring Chakras, by Susan G. Shumsky

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Exploring Chakras, by Susan Shumsky Exploring Chakras: Awaken Your Untapped Energy, by Susan G. Shumsky New Page Books, 1564146561, 265 pages (+ notes and index), 2003The explanation of the chakras Shumsky gives on page 15 is far more detailed than any I have encountered before. The charts and illustrations contain in this book offer a unique perspective on chakras.The first chapter answers basic questions about the foundation of belief in, and knowledge of, chakras is simple, easy to understand ways. It contains less than dozen questions, yet succeeds in setting the groundwork for what is to follow. Read More

Soul Purpose Astrology, by Margaret Koolman

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Astrology, Bracken House, London, photo by Remko van DokkumSoul Purpose Astrology, by Margaret KoolmanSoul Purpose Astrology: How to Read Your Birth Chart for Growth & Transformation, by Margaret Koolman Llewellyn Worldwide, 1998, 2002In her preface, Margaret Koolman explains what she hopes to accomplish, and how she plans to do so. She even says that you need not read the introduction, as it merely outlines her philosophical approach to astrology. I encourage you to read the preface and the introduction as a means of furthering your understanding of where Koolman's attitudes and positions come from.Soul Purpose Astrology is designed for the individual who wants to learn how to interpret charts. As such it does not deal with the erection of a chart, nor is there any mathematics involved. It deals with relationships. It does mention the relation of the planets to the charkas. And it deals in depth with all of the traditional ideas related to astrology: the planets, the houses, and aspects. Read More

Chakras and meditation

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According to East Indian philosophy, man possesses seven major *chakras* or psychic centres on his body. Each of these forms a bridge, link, or energy transformer; changing pure (higher) energy into various forms, and connecting the four bodies (ie. spiritual, mental, astral, and physical) together. The chakras are located along the nadies (a network of psychic nerves or channels) and follow the autonomic nervous system along the spinal cord. Chakras correlate with major acupuncture points along the ‘governing vessel meridian’ (acupuncture term). The seven major chakras are connected together by three major nadies which are parallel and near each other. The middle nadi is called sushumna and it has neutral characteristics. The nadi on the left (ie. nearest your left hand) is the ida nadi which has yin characteristics. On the other side of sushumna (nearest your right hand) is the pingala nadi, having yang qualities.

Chakras are visible to clairvoyant sight as variously coloured rotating circles or funnels. In the East they are described as petalled flowers or lotuses. Sources disagree on the colours.

The first chakra, located at the base of the spine at the perineum is the root chakra, muladhara. It primarily relates to the element of earth and to psychic smell.

The second chakra, known as the sacral centre, svadhisthana, is located above and behind the genitals. Its dominant element is water, and it is related to psychic taste.

Third of the chakras is the solar plexus, manipura, located at the navel and corresponding with the emotions and with the element of fire; also with psychic sight (clairvoyance).

The heart chakra, anahata, is the fourth chakra, located over the heart and corresponding with the element of air, and also with psychic touch.

The fifth chakra is the throat chakra, vishuddha, located at the base of the throat (thyroid) and corresponding with psychic hearing (clairaudience).

The remaining two chakras are very important. They relate mostly to elevated states of consciousness. The frontal chakra, (or ‘third eye’) ajna, the sixth chakra, is located between, and slightly above, the eyebrows. Ajna is the centre of psychic powers and can produce many psychic effects. Meditation on ajna is said to cure nervousness.

Finally, the crown chakra, sahasrara, located atop the head, (pineal gland) is the seventh chakra. It is referred to as the thousand-petalled lotus and corresponds with astral projection and enlightenment.

There are also many minor chakras throughout the body. Each chakra has a sound (letter) and a pitch which is sometimes used to invoke it.

The Tattvas

Some occultists prefer to describe the magical elements as tattvas according to the Eastern system. Notice that these symbols and colours are generally different than the western symbols and colors for the elements.

element             tattva              tattvic symbol
=======             ======              ==============
earth               prithivi            yellow square
water               apas                silver crescent
fire                tejas               red triangle
air                 vayu                blue circle
(spirit)            akasa               black oval


Yoga originated in India. It is a physical or mental discipline designed to condition and invigorate the mind and body. There are many kinds of yoga, but they may be generally divided into three main types…

Hatha yoga — affect the mind through the body using physical exercises; improve physical health and endurance.

Raja yoga — affect the mind through mental training; improve concentration.

Mantra yoga — affect the mind through chanting and affirmation; achieve relaxation.


This is a much touted area of the occult. There are many meditation techniques, and many claims made for the benefits of meditation. Basicly, meditation has two functions — relaxation, and perhaps, improved concentration. There are two main types…

  1. concentration meditation (focusing),
  2. insight meditation (mindfullness).

Most kinds of meditation are the concentrative type. One simply focuses his attention upon a single physical object (such as a candle flame); upon a sensation (such as that felt while walking or breathing); upon an emotion (such as reverence or love); upon a mantra spoken aloud or even silently; or upon a visualization (as in chakra meditation, see below)…Concentration meditation is, simply put, a form of self-hypnosis.

A mantra (or mantrum) is one or more words or syllables which are repeated — often chanted — aloud…A simple yet powerful mantra is to vibrate the mystical word ‘OM’. This mantra has long been associated in India with the godhead/unity. Use it to aid in tuning into universal vibrations which promote feelings of harmony, peace, and well-being. Use it before magick ritual to ‘get into the mood’ and afterwards to ‘dismiss the forces’. You vibrate a mantra by saying it slowly aloud in a lower-pitched voice than your normal speech, and a more or less constant pitch as well. Let the sound fade at the end of the mantra. A powerful one such as ‘OM’ will seem to vibrate the air around you. It should be vocalized for 5-10 seconds and repeated a number of times with a few seconds rest between each vocalization. Chanting of mantras may cause slight dizziness from hyperventilation.

The other main type of meditation — insight meditation — is the analysis of thoughts and feelings in such a way as to cause realization of the subjectivity and illusion of experience. This is done in a effort to attain transcendental awareness. Such statements as, ‘This body is not me’, fall under this category. Buddhist meditations are usually of this type.

Chakra Meditation

There is a special type of concentrative meditation which we will call ‘Chakra meditation’. This is basically Kundalini yoga — the practice of causing psychic energy (kundalini) to flow up sushumna, energizing the various chakras along the way. The practice, considered dangerous by some, will produce definite physiological sensations and psychological effects if continued long enough. It should not be attempted by epileptics or persons with an unstable mental or physical condition, or with heart disease. Certain drugs and medications, such as those used to treat epilepsy may retard progress. Although the technique is very simple, it may eventually produce powerful results. Results may at first appear hours after the practice during sleep. As each chakra is energized by this practice, it is said to add occult powers (sidhis), until at last the crown chakra is reached, and with it, full enlightenment is attained. Sometimes kundalini awakens all by itself.

To practice this chakra meditation, you simply concentrate on the chakras, beginning with the root chakra, and moving progressively up, as you visualize psychic energy from the root chakra traveling up shushumna and vivifying each higher chakra. As we mentioned the chakras have certain properties associated with them, so that this type of visualization may ‘raise consciousness’, promote astral projection, and other things — once you have reached ajna and eventually the crown chakra. You might typically meditate in this fashion for 15 minutes to a half hour a day. It might help to practice some hatha yoga or other physical exercise in an effort to make the spinal cord ‘more flexible’. Diet may also affect the process. The technique is also similar to the Tibetan ‘Tummo’ meditation. The rise of kundalini is sometimes experienced as a ‘vibration’ or buzzing, as light, or as heat.

Heath and Diet

Certainly the way you treat your physical body will affect your mind. In magick you want an alert mind. Therefore, your body must be as healthy as you can keep it. Take care of your body. Exercise regularly. eat a good diet (with vitamin supplements), and do not consume anything which will have a negative effect upon the mind. Drugs, smoking,, and alcohol should be restricted, or eliminated. (The mind can create any condition which a drug can create.) A good rule here is moderation in what and how much you consume. (Most of this stuff is pretty obvious isn’t it.) You may also want to cut down on sugar and processed foods. Many occultists advise dietary changes, especially the non-eating of meat. We cannot deny the physical, psychological, and spiritual effect which all foods have. This effect may be described as the ‘heaviness’ factor of foods. Various foods are so ranked in the chart, lighter to heavier…

  1. lettuce and other greens.
  2. fruits and most vegetables.
  3. wheat, rice, and other grains.
  4. nuts, beans, and other legumes.
  5. cheese, dairy products, including eggs.
  6. fish, seafood.
  7. chicken, poultry.
  8. beef, pork, other red meats.

Note that meats, especially red meats are the ‘heaviest’ foods. Generally, foods which are harder to digest, or which are higher in protein are ‘heavier’ than those which are not. Animal products are heavier than plants. Foods high in carbohydrate (candy, bread, starch) are heavy. However, the ‘heaviness’ of foods is not directly related to the amount of caleries.

What this means is that for various reasons, the heaviness of food in your diet will affect your magical experiences. You may be able to increase your psychic receptivity (‘energy level’) by eating lighter foods, or by eating less. Conversely, emphasizing heavy foods in your diet, or eating larger helpings, may help to ‘bring you down to earth’ should you ‘rent the veil’ too much. These are generalizations, of course, and it may take a number of days of dietary change before you notice much effect. I do not advocate radical dietary changes, excessive fasting, or malnutrition. Your good health is far more important in magick than any temporary effect you get from prolonged starvation. A change in diet will sometimes only produce a temporary effect, until the physical body adapts to the change. Healthy natural foods and lifestyle make it easier for us to be healthy, but ultimately, good health is a mentual quality (attitude).

The Four-Fold Breath

With physical exercise too, moderation is advised. (You should be cautious, or not attempt it if you have a respiratory or heart condition. Check with your physician if in doubt, and don’t overdo.) One of the most useful physical exercises is pranayama, or controlled breathing (actually a type of hatha yoga exercise). For this and any other calesthentics or hatha yoga which you might choose to do a ‘kitchen timer’ is suggested (many of these aren’t accurate for under three minutes, but are helpful for longer periods).

The main purpose of pranayama is to relax the body and mind. There are many kinds of pranayama, but a simple one called the ‘four-fold breath’ will suffice. This consists of four short quick inhallations, then four short quick exhallations; then repeat, continuing until the allotted time is used up. It will take about 1 1/2 seconds for the four inhallations, and about 1 1/2 seconds for the four exhallations; or about 3 seconds for the complete in-out cycle (‘rep’ for repetition). There should be no strain of any kind during your pranayama. You will probably notice a slight dizziness, particularly at first, since the effect of pranayama is to hyperventilate. Try sitting back in a chair with your eyes closed when you do your pranayama. Begin a minute a day for the first week and gradually increase up to about five minutes a day. If you do the pranayama befor your magical activity, it will help you to get ‘into the mood’. It is also an excellent aid to relaxation and tension release. Pranayama should not be done during heavy air pollution. Other exercises you might consider are hatha yoga, calesthentics, walking or jogging.

Review Questions

  1. What is a chakra? List them.
  2. Name the three major nadies. Which nadi is hot?
  3. What is pranayama?

Book List

  • Arthur Diekman, The Observing Self.
  • W.Y. Evans-Wentz, Tibetan Yoga and Secret Doctrines.
  • Sandra Gibson, Beyond the Mind.
  • King and Skinner, Techniques of High Magic.
  • Swami Sivananda, Kundalini Yoga.
  • John Woodroffe (pseud. for Arthur Avalon), The Serpent Power.

Phil Hansford, 4/88 Mysteria (818) 353-8891 (modem)
P.O. Box 83 Tujunga, CA 91042

Copyright (c) 1988 by Phil Hansford. This article is licenced for free non-commercial distribution only.

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